Daily Notes

This section is aimed at allowing students who have been absent from school to view the daily notes and activities assigned for the specific day they missed.

8th P/AP - Period 2   - Week of 1/5/15

The Election of 1800

  1. The election campaign of 1800 between Adams/Pinckney and Jefferson/Burr was very different from those of today.Candidates and their friends wrote letters to leading citizens and newspapers to plead their views.The Federalists and Republicans fought a bitter letter-writing campaign.
  2. The election was deadlocked.Both Jefferson and Burr received 73 electoral votes, so the House of Representatives had to decide the election.
    1. The Federalists decided to support Burr to prevent the election of Jefferson.Hamilton distrusted Burr but was not a friend of Jefferson either.
    2. Finally, at Hamilton’s request, one Federalist voted against Burr, and Jefferson became president and Burr vice president.
  3. To avoid another election deadlock, Congress passed the Twelfth Amendment in 1803.It required electors to vote for the president and vice president on separate ballots.
  4. Thomas Jefferson was inaugurated on March 4, 1801.In his Inaugural Address, Jefferson tried to close the gap between the political parties.His goals included
    1. “a wise and frugal government”
    2. “support of state government in all their rights”
  5. Jefferson was a proponent of states’ rights.He believed strong states would best protect freedom and that a large federal government would threaten liberty.He also believed in laissez-faire, a policy in which government plays a small role in the economic concerns of a country.

Jefferson’s Policies

  1. Jefferson surrounded himself with men who shared his Republican principles.His cabinet had James Madison as secretary of state and Albert Gallatin as secretary of the treasury.
  2. Under Jefferson the government allowed the unpopular Alien and Sedition Acts to expire and repealed the Naturalization Act.
  3. Jefferson and Gallatin reduced the huge national debt.They cut back on military expenses by reducing the size of the army and navy.
  4. Jefferson and Gallatin also persuaded Congress to repeal federal internal taxes, including the whiskey tax.The government funds would come from customs duties, or taxes on imported goods, and from the sale of Western lands.
  5. The number of federal government employees was small under Jefferson.He believed that the responsibility of government should be limited to delivering the mail, collecting customs duties, and conducting a census every 10 years.

Jefferson and the Courts

  1. The federalists controlled the court system even though Jefferson was a Republican.The Federalists passed the Judiciary Act of 1801 before Jefferson took office.
  2. Prior to Adams leaving office, he made hundreds of appointments to the courts.He also appointed John Marshall, his secretary of state, as a chief justice of the United States after Chief Justice Ellsworth resigned.
  3. Adams and Marshall worked around the clock to process the papers (commissions) for these last minute “midnight judges.”A few of the commissions had not been processed with Jefferson took office on March 4. Jefferson told Madison, his secretary of state, to hold them.One of these was William Marbury.
  4. The Supreme Court heard the case of Marbury V. Madison. Marbury went right to the Supreme Court to force delivery of his commission. Marshall said that the Constitution did not give the Supreme Court jurisdiction to decide Marbury’s case.
  1. This was the first time that judicial review was used.
  2. Today judicial review is a basic part of our government and is a way to check and balance the other branches of the government.

8th - Period 6 - Week of 1/5/15

The Election of 1800

  1. The election campaign of 1800 between Adams/Pinckney and Jefferson/Burr was very different from those of today.Candidates and their friends wrote letters to leading citizens and newspapers to plead their views.The Federalists and Republicans fought a bitter letter-writing campaign.
  2. The election was deadlocked.Both Jefferson and Burr received 73 electoral votes, so the House of Representatives had to decide the election.
    1. The Federalists decided to support Burr to prevent the election of Jefferson.Hamilton distrusted Burr but was not a friend of Jefferson either.
    2. Finally, at Hamilton’s request, one Federalist voted against Burr, and Jefferson became president and Burr vice president.
  3. To avoid another election deadlock, Congress passed the Twelfth Amendment in 1803.It required electors to vote for the president and vice president on separate ballots.
  4. Thomas Jefferson was inaugurated on March 4, 1801.In his Inaugural Address, Jefferson tried to close the gap between the political parties.His goals included
    1. “a wise and frugal government”
    2. “support of state government in all their rights”
  5. Jefferson was a proponent of states’ rights.He believed strong states would best protect freedom and that a large federal government would threaten liberty.He also believed in laissez-faire, a policy in which government plays a small role in the economic concerns of a country.

Jefferson’s Policies

  1. Jefferson surrounded himself with men who shared his Republican principles.His cabinet had James Madison as secretary of state and Albert Gallatin as secretary of the treasury.
  2. Under Jefferson the government allowed the unpopular Alien and Sedition Acts to expire and repealed the Naturalization Act.
  3. Jefferson and Gallatin reduced the huge national debt.They cut back on military expenses by reducing the size of the army and navy.
  4. Jefferson and Gallatin also persuaded Congress to repeal federal internal taxes, including the whiskey tax.The government funds would come from customs duties, or taxes on imported goods, and from the sale of Western lands.
  5. The number of federal government employees was small under Jefferson.He believed that the responsibility of government should be limited to delivering the mail, collecting customs duties, and conducting a census every 10 years.

Jefferson and the Courts

  1. The Federalists controlled the court system even though Jefferson was a Republican.The Federalists passed the Judiciary Act of 1801 before Jefferson took office.
  2. Prior to Adams leaving office, he made hundreds of appointments to the court.He also appointed John Marshall, his secretary of state, as chief justice of the United States.
  3. Adams and Marshall worked around the clock to process the paper (commissions) for these last-minute “midnight judges.” A few of the commissions had not been processed when Jefferson took office.Jefferson told Madison, his secretary of state, to hold them.One of these was for William Marbury.
  4. The Supreme Court heard the case of Marbury V. Madison.

 


 

 

 

 


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